UPS

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FreeNAS® uses NUT (Network UPS Tools) to provide UPS support. If the FreeNAS® system is connected to a UPS device, configure the UPS service then start it in Services → Control Services.

Figure 8.14a shows the UPS configuration screen:

Figure 8.14a: UPS Configuration Screen

Ups1c.png

Table 8.14a summarizes the options in the UPS Configuration screen:

Table 8.14a: UPS Configuration Options

Setting Value Description
UPS Mode drop-down menu select from Master or Slave
Identifier string can contain alphanumeric, period, comma, hyphen, and underscore characters
Driver drop-down menu supported UPS devices are listed at http://www.networkupstools.org/stable-hcl.html
Port drop-down menu select the serial or USB port the UPS is plugged into (see NOTE below)
Auxiliary Parameters string additional options from ups.conf(5)
Description string optional
Shutdown mode drop-down menu choices are UPS goes on battery and UPS reaches low battery
Shutdown timer integer in seconds; will initiate shutdown after this many seconds after UPS enters UPS goes on battery, unless power is restored
Monitor User string default is upsmon
Monitor Password string default is known value fixmepass and should be changed; can not contain a space or #
Extra users string defines the accounts that have administrative access; see upsd.users(5) for examples
Remote monitor checkbox if enabled, be aware that the default is to listen on all interfaces and to use the known values user upsmon and password fixmepass
Send Email Status Updates checkbox if checked, activates the To email field
To email email address if Send Email box checked, email address of person to receive status updates
Email subject string if Send Email box checked, subject of email updates

NOTE: for USB devices, the easiest way to determine the correct device name is to check the box "Show console messages" in System → Settings → Advanced. Plug in the USB device and the console messages will give the name of the /dev/ugenX.X device; where the X's are the numbers that show on the console.

upsc(8) can be used to get status variables from the UPS daemon such as the current charge and input voltage. It can be run from Shell using the following syntax. The man page gives some other usage examples.

upsc ups@localhost

upscmd(8) can be used to send commands directly to the UPS, assuming that the hardware supports the command being sent. Only users with administrative rights can use this command. These users are created in the Extra users field.

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